Does Tretinoin work for Acne?
The acne drug Retin-A is a generic version of topical tretinoin. In the United States, topical tretinoin is only available with a prescription. Adapalene is the only retinoid drug available over the counter (Differin).
In most cases, topical tretinoin is used to treat active breakouts as a short-term therapy as well as a long-term treatment choice. It's used to treat acne lesions that are difficult to remove.
Tretinoin works for a lot of people, but it doesn't work for everyone. Continue reading to learn more about tretinoin and what you should know before using it to treat acne.
The advantages of using tretinoin to treat acne
Tretinoin is a retinoid, which means it's a vitamin A derivative. Retinoids help your skin's cells to turn over. As new skin cells rise to the surface, dead skin cells are cleaned away more quickly.
Quicker cell turnover clears your pores, allowing bacteria and irritants that cause acne to escape.
Retinoids, such as tretinoin, also improve your skin's natural oil (sebum) production, which can help you avoid outbreaks in the future. They have anti-inflammatory effects as well, which help to clear aggressive acne pustules.
Tretinoin is used to treat wrinkles.
Tretinoin's effect on the visual indications of ageing has been thoroughly researched.
Tretinoin cream has been shown to reduce the appearance of wrinkles in both the short and long term. As a result, tretinoin is a common ingredient in over-the-counter face and eye products.
Acne scars treated with tretinoin
Tretinoin can also be used to reduce acne scarring's appearance. Tretinoin can induce new cell development at the site of scarring by speeding up cell turnover on your skin.
Tretinoin has been proven to be an effective treatment for acne scars in different types. Tretinoin is also sometimes used to prepare the skin for scar-reduction chemical peels.
Side effects of tretinoin
The use of tretinoin for acne can have negative side effects. Some adverse effects may be more severe than others, and not everyone will experience them all. The following are examples of possible negative effects:
- skin that is hot or itching
- unusual dryness of your skin
- skin that feels warm to the touch skin that turns a lighter colour at the application location
- peeling or redness on your skin
The effects of tretinoin can take up to 12 weeks to appear. If using it causes your skin to get inflamed, consult a doctor to establish if your symptoms are within the typical range for OTC tretinoin.
Tretinoin should not be used by women who are pregnant or breastfeeding.
When you're using tretinoin, you should be extremely cautious about sun exposure. Tretinoin, like all retinoids, thins your skin, making it more vulnerable to UV damage and sunburn.
When heading outside, make sure to apply sunscreen and consider taking additional precautions such as wearing a hat with a brim.
If you think you're having an allergic response to tretinoin or are experiencing major adverse effects, stop using it right once and seek medical help.
Interactions between drugs
Other topical acne drugs may interact with tretinoin, causing irritation or exacerbating adverse effects such as skin burning.
Avoid using other topical skin treatments (such as benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid, as well as sulfur-containing products) while using tretinoin unless it's part of a plan you've discussed with your doctor.
Also, stay away from products that dry up your skin, such as astringents and alcohol-based cleansers.
What is the best way to use tretinoin for acne?
If you wish to use tretinoin to treat acne, start with a cream or gel that contains a small amount of the active component tretinoin (0.025 percent). As your skin becomes acclimated to the therapy, you can gradually increase the amount used.
To use tretinoin safely and successfully, follow these steps:
- Before applying any topical acne medicine, wash your face with warm water and pat it dry. Before applying any cream or lotion to your face, wash your hands. Before applying the medication, wait a few minutes to ensure that your skin is totally dry.
- Apply a small amount of the medication to the affected region to softly cover it. You don't need to apply the medication in a heavy coating to your face. A dime-sized dose of the medicine should be sufficient to cover your entire face.
- Spread the medication away from sensitive areas like your eyes, nostrils, and mouth with the tips of your fingers. Lightly massage the cream or gel into your skin and allow it to absorb completely.
- Apply tretinoin once at bedtime for optimum benefits, allowing it to penetrate completely into your skin while you sleep. It's advisable not to wear makeup for the first few hours after this treatment.
If your skin doesn't improve after 8 to 12 weeks, consult a dermatologist about prescription-strength tretinoin or other treatment alternatives.
Tretinoin is a long-term acne therapy that is quite successful. While it may not work for everyone, studies show that it can help to balance out skin tone, cure outbreaks, and reduce the appearance of acne scarring by encouraging cell turnover.
Tretinoin can worsen acne during the first few weeks of treatment, but you should see results after a few weeks.